Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) Companny

07 - 05 - 2021

As the pandemic has impacted peoples lives, clients have been looking at broadening their savings/assets. Many have been looking at property investment as a way forward. We advise on a case by case basis, but if this is something your considering read our 'Advice Note' below on a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) Company which we hope you find interesting.

Advice Note


Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) Company


What is a SPV?


An SPV company is a limited company that is set up specifically for one type of trade. The term SPV is most commonly used within the rental property industry by mortgage providers for a company with the sole purpose of purchasing and managing Buy To Let Properties.


What is the difference between a SPV Company and a Limited Company?


There is no difference in terms of reporting and taxation between a company set up as a  “Special Purpose Vehicle” and a “normal” limited company.


What are the advantages of a SPV Company?


1.      Taxation of Profits


Buy To Let Properties bought personally are taxed as part of the individuals personal income. This means that any profit is taxed under income tax and any disposals of property are taxed under Capital Gains Tax in the year of disposal. Personal income tax rates, including for Capital Gains Tax, are currently (2021/2022 basic rate 20% and higher rate 40%.


Buy To Let Properties bought by a company are taxed as the company’s income. This means that any profit from rental or disposal is taxed in the year under corporation tax. The Corporation tax rate is currently (2021/2022) 19%.


You should be aware that the Government have announced their intention to raise corporation tax rates to 25% by April 2023.


2.      Interest


Interest paid on a mortgage of a Buy To Let Property is being phased out as a tax allowable expense when calculating personal income. However it is tax allowable when calculating the taxable profit of a company.


3.      Income


You can control when you take your income from your company. As with all limited companies the SPV limited company is a separate legal entity. An individual pays income tax when they withdraw income from the company whether that is as salary, as an employee / director and/or dividend as a shareholder.


4.      Mortgage


Some Buy To Let mortgage providers prefer lending to a company that is specifically established to hold property. The reason being is that they regard the SPV as easier to understand and underwrite with less risk.

What are the disadvantages of a SPV Company?


1.      Mortgage


Interest rates may be higher on a mortgage to a company. Lenders may also require personal guarantees from shareholders and/or directors to personally repay the loans if the company fails to.


2.      Existing Properties


The transfer from personal ownership to the company ownership will be regarded as a sale for the individual. The individual could be liable to Capital Gains Tax, legal costs, etc.


3.      Sale of Property


When a company sells a property there is no capital gains tax the company is taxed at corporation tax rates. An individual when disposing of a property should receive a capital gains tax allowance currently (2021/2022) £12,300 on which there is no tax.


Can there be more than one property in the SPV Company?


Yes. There can be multiple properties within the SPV Company.



If you would like to discuss any of the issues noted above please contact us on:


01244 625 500 or 01978 364 000


Whilst all due care and attention has been taken in the preparation of these notes no liability

can be accepted for any omission or item contained therein.


Foremans LLP

April 2021






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Foremans LLP